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Forside Historier fra hele verden Artikler Tian Chua - Fra aktivist til toppolitiker i Malaysia

Tian Chua - Fra aktivist til toppolitiker i Malaysia

Nedenstående artikel er udgivet i BAVnyt 40, i en kortere version. Af hensyn til artiklens længde har vi valgt at henvise til vores hjemmeside, www.bavnyt.dk, hvor den kan læses i sin helhed. Artiklens interview er på engelsk.

Fra aktivist til top-politiker

Af Birte Møller Jensen og Peter Wad

Fra den spæde opstart i BAV har vi støttet den malaysiske aktivist Tian Chua, der nu er vicepræsident i Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) og parlamentsmedlem i Malaysia, og han har fortsat et kamp-gen i maven, som du kan læse i interviewet.

Allerede i BAVnyt nr. 1 fra 1999 kunne der læses om Tian Chua. Kendskabet til Tian kom gennem SID og AIF Silkeborg med Christian Juhl som primus motor på et malaysisk solidaritetsprojekt. Tian Chua var politisk aktiv, og sad tilbageholdt på ubestemt tid i den berygtede fangelejr ”Kamunting”. Vandkanoner, trusler og bøder har aldrig holdt Tian tilbage for at stå forrest i protestaktioner og bruge sin stemme. Tian har aldrig modtaget penge fra BAV, men er den, der har haft mest spalteplads i BAVnyt. Der er lavet underskriftindsamlinger, sendt postkort til Tian i fængslet og vi har afholdt et offentligt oplysningsarrangement i København i 2005, hvor BAV og AIF gav mulighed for at møde Tian. Her var det muligt at blive klogere på den styrke, der ligger i international solidaritet. Det er derfor med stor glæde igen at kunne opdatere på Tians Chuas kamp.

 

Tian Chuas møde med BAV i 2005

Tian Chua møder BAV i 2005. T.v. Birte Møller Jensen og t.h. Tian Chua

 


FAKTABOKS

Præsentation af Tian Chua

Tian Chua blev født i Melaka, Malaysia, i 1963 af kinesisk-malaysiske forældre, gik i skole i Malaysia, fortsatte i Australien på universitetet, blev involveret i studenterpolitik, og endte med at tage en bachelor i filosofi. Hjemme i Malaysia i 1990 blev han aktiv i SUARAM, en NGO, der bekæmpede the malaysiske sikkerhedslovgivning, engagerede sig i arbejderbevægelsen og Labour Ressource Centre (LRC), der stiftedes i 1990 af en række fagforeninger som et informations- og træningscenter. Efter arbejde ved Asia Monitor Resource Centre (AMRC) i Hong Kong tog Tian til Holland og gennemførte en kandidatuddannelse i arbejdsmarkedsstudier. I 1997 blev han leder af LRC, og aktivist i den malaysiske REFORMASI bevægelse.

Omdrejningspunktet for denne bevægelse var, at den daværende vice-statsminister Anwar Ibrahim i 1998 blev udsat for falske anklager, fyring og fængslet. Reformasi førte til dannelsen af Parti Keadilan Nasional. Tian blev medlem og vice-præsident i partiet. Partiet blev sluttet sammen med Parti Rakyat Malaysia, et tidligere socialistisk parti, og han blev informationschef i det nye Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) samt leder af partiets servicecenter i Kuala Lumpur. I 2008 blev Tian Chua valgt til det malaysiske føderale parlament, og genvalgt i 2013.


LÆS LÆNGERE NEDE ET SPLINTERNYT INTERVIEW MED TIAN CHUA FRA 2018

 

Tian Chua får overrakt BAV Nyt

Tian Chua får overrakt BAV Nyt i 2005

 


FAKTABOKS

Brev fra fængsel

Et uddrag af Tians brev, der blev smuglet ud fra den berygtede fangelejr ”Kamunting” d. 14.7.2001. Tian var igen anholdt sammen med 5 andre, og har afsonet 100 dage af en dom på 2 år.

”... Globaliseringen kan ikke kun betyde frihed til økonomierne i verden. Menneskene må også skabe demokrati på globalt plan. Derfor er international solidaritet så vigtig. De enkelte kampe rundt om i verden kommer os alle ved. Jeg værdsætter meget de mennesker i Danmark som har arbejdet for at skabe en ny international orden, baseret på demokrati, menneskerettigheder og en retfærdig fordeling. Sammen skal vi sikre, at denne drøm bliver til virkelighed. Endnu en gang tak venner og kammerater. Jeres engagement og solidaritet har inspireret os som i øjeblikket er i en vanskelig situation, hvor det kan være vanskeligt at bevare kampgejsten. Måtte den internationale solidaritets ånd blive stærkere og stærkere”.

Dagen efter iværksættes en demonstration uden for fangelejren, hvor 2000 demonstranter forlanger de politiske fangers frigivelse. Aktionen bliver hårdhændet opløst med vandkanoner og tåregas, 41 bliver anholdt. Ordensmagten er skræmt.  Udgivet i BAVnyt 10, aug. 2001.


Seneste nyt fra Tian Chua

Interview 31.1.2018 med Tian Chua (TC) ved Peter Wad (PW)

Her fortalte Tian om sin egen rolle og partiets politik og virke som regering siden 2008 i delstaten Selangor som har en befolkning på størrelse med Danmarks.

 

Interview with Tian Chua (TC) by Peter Wad (PW), 31.1.2018 – selected parts for BAV News .

PW: About NGOs, you said your party was formed by, including or based upon NGOs among other things, how is the relationship with NGOs now? Are you linking up with some NGOs’ campaigns?

TC: We are friendly to NGOs. We provide a lot of facilities to them. Of course, I understand that NGOs are always very progressive, they will always be very critical. We just have to listen. Nothing is best for them, they will continue to push us. Some NGOs here are very critical, they say nothing has changed, but also some NGOs are trying to work out something. So our challenge of NGOs are that we are inviting them to give us policy papers, to give us suggestions…and we will do it within our power. Of course it cannot be done overnight. We also have limitations because many things are federal powers.

We have no jurisdiction in labour issues for example. We cannot control trade unions [legislation?], we do not have power to [regulate] minimum wage and all these things. We can only do what is within our power [in the public sector of Selangor]. We can have better working conditions. But even that requires a lot of work. You see this is the strange thing that the British left for us. We are paying the salary for the civil service, but recruit is not done by us. The recruitment is done by the federal civil service company. They train them and send them to us and we pay them their salary … We cannot employer our own. If we want to do it, we can only do it by contracting it out, by privatisation. That is why it is very strange. If you don’t want the civil service to cut down, we have to take them out and give it to a contractor. It is a very big dilemma. We have to weight it. The civil service is not only trained by the federal government, they are sent to us. We only have the right to say, we do not want this guy, but I have no right to say no unless they do something wrong...

In the first term, many of them are in fact spying for the other side, because they are not confident with us. They are actually providing information to the other side. But what is the good thing? The good thing is that we cannot be corrupt. The civil servants are not our people, if we are corrupt they will tell the federal, they will catch us. By default we are made clean. In that sense we did not make mistakes like some governments that newly take over.  We only control the state. The federal state controls the anti-corruption agency, so we cannot do anything wrong. If we do they will drag us to court and they will catch us… My minister told me that every week the anti-corruption will go looking at this part and at that part. We just take it, we are not afraid…

PW: You have been a grass-root, you have been in prison, now you are MP, you are at a high political level. How can you handle this transformation, or is it not a transformation?

TC: It is a transformation and it is not a transformation. It is not a transformation because my daily engagements are still very activist. I go to the office, people come to see me, I have to solve their problems. It is much similar. People who come to me in need of my help are poor people, the rich people don’t, the rich people have dinner with me, they will provide some proposal for development or ask me for policy change so they can improve their business. That’s okay, but generally people I see are the same thing, people have problems, their house is leaking, their [life] is not working.

Of course, it is also different now. Previously I looked exclusively on labour [affairs]. Now I have to look at more than that. You have to talk about productivity and the interesting and the more challenging part is that we are also running the government and a state, so we also have to look into the need of the employers and also the need of investors. Now my role is also, which I was doing before in Labour Resource Centre to provide information to the unionists so they can upgrade themselves. So now the same thing needs to be done to push back what are the challenges for labour. Now I have more first-hand information about how things are done. Previously, I did not care how they are done, I did care about how we should benefit. Now it is much more complicated.

The different change is that when I was in the Labour Resource Centre the unions were a lot stronger. Today they are weakened, two sides. One is the number of unionization has dropped to very, very low [level], I think it is about 3-4 percent maybe… I will say we lost half of the unionized force. Before we were close to 11 percent, but now I think that it is probably only half of that because of the outsourcing thing and all that. Secondly, unions have much less political clout. One thing is the weakening of MTUC, the incompetence of the leadership, and the structure of unions has not been upgraded.  Politically they also have less clout because you are not united and the working crowd is not voting with the unions.

Of course the things are also done by us because whether you are a progressive party or another party you go directly to the workers to get support, no longer mediated by the unions. If they say we have half a million votes, if you give us, you se. No longer! We announce a policy, and if the workers like it, they work for us. The unions lost that mediator role. In that sense I say that the unions now are much weaker.  It’s big time outside the labour movement. I don’t give myself up. It’s better looking to what others are thinking now…

Senest opdateret: Søndag, 05. august 2018 12:59